With such extreme poverty rates, it makes one wonder what the state of education must be in Nicaragua. According to UNICEF, the youth of Nicaragua have a literacy rate of 85% for males and 88% for females. This is largely due to the education programs that the Nicaraguan government has put in place.
In Nicaragua, the government offers free primary education for all citizens. This education is mandatory, and all children must attend school. Despite this compulsory nature of this law, truancy is a minimal concern. Thus, the law is not strictly enforced. This does little to ensure that education is available to all children in Nicaragua. As a result, many families choose to have their children work rather than attend school. This issue is further compounded when families must also pay for uniforms, supplies, etc. When they already are struggling, these extra expenses make attending school only a dream. Even if children are able to attend school, the quality of education they receive is subpar compared to the education available in private institutions. Public schools in Nicaragua are often underfunded. Furthermore, teachers are underpaid and have poor inadequate training.